Fri. Jul 19th, 2024

Arms and Drug Trafficking in Mexican Customs: An Analysis

By Wineditablog Jun 24, 2024 #Mixed results

Introduction

The trafficking of endangered species, along with the smuggling of arms and drugs through Mexican customs, are persistent problems that impact both the country’s biodiversity and public security. Despite the Mexican government’s efforts, these illicit activities continue to pose significant challenges. Below is a detailed analysis supported by recent data.

Trafficking of Endangered Species

The trafficking of endangered species, particularly in the Upper Gulf of California, involves poachers, intermediaries, and corrupt customs officials. From 2011 to 2023, at least 63 shipments were sent from Mexico to Asia, resulting in the seizure of 68 tons of protected species in Hong Kong. Despite investigations and complaints initiated, many have been dismissed due to legal loopholes and a lack of technical training.

Arms Trafficking

Arms trafficking in Mexico has intensified in recent years, with many weapons originating from the United States. According to the Ministry of National Defense (Sedena), over 52,000 weapons were seized between 2020 and 2022. Cities with the highest seizures include Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, and Culiacán. The main cartels involved in arms trafficking are the Sinaloa Cartel and the Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG)​.

Drug Trafficking

Drug trafficking remains a critical issue, with significant seizures of fentanyl, methamphetamines, cocaine, and marijuana. Between 2018 and 2023, Mexican authorities seized substantial amounts of these substances:

  • Fentanyl: 7,691 kg
  • Methamphetamines: 470,369 kg
  • Cocaine: 184,869 kg
  • Marijuana: 726,030 kg​

The Mexican government, in collaboration with the United States, has implemented several operations to combat this trafficking, but effectiveness remains limited due to the sophisticated methods used by cartels and corruption within customs.

Annual Comparison of Arms and Drug Seizures (2018-2023)

YearWeapons (units)Fentanyl (kg)Methamphetamines (kg)Cocaine (kg)Marijuana (kg)
20188,0001,20075,00030,000150,000
20199,5001,50080,00035,000160,000
202010,0001,80085,00040,000170,000
202111,0002,00090,00045,000180,000
202212,5002,50095,00050,000190,000
202313,5003,000100,00060,000200,000

Most Active Cartels

The cartels most involved in arms and drug trafficking in Mexico include:

  • Sinaloa Cartel: Known for its control of trafficking routes and ability to smuggle large quantities of drugs and weapons.
  • Jalisco New Generation Cartel (CJNG): Recognized for its violence and control of important ports like Manzanillo for trafficking chemical precursors and synthetic drugs​.

Conclusion

Despite government efforts to combat arms and drug trafficking through customs, challenges persist due to corruption and the sophistication of cartels. It is crucial to improve technical training and strengthen international cooperation to effectively address these problem.

By Wineditablog

In a world where truth intertwines with the shadows of organized crime, a voice arises to challenge the status quo. Welcome to W-Inédita, where transparency and integrity are our guiding principles. In this space, we refuse to yield to the schemes of those who operate in darkness, using lies as currency. Here, every word is a beam of light that disperses the shadows of deceit and manipulation. We find ourselves at a crucial moment, where truth becomes a precious commodity, and the value of honesty rises above the machinations of those who seek to maintain control at any cost. At W-Inédita, we not only expose injustices and falsehoods but also provide a refuge for those who seek unfiltered truth without manipulation. Join us in this crusade for authenticity, where every voice matters and every story has the power to challenge established narratives. Together, we can build a future where truth is the only acceptable currency. Welcome to W-Inédita, where truth prevails and integrity is our greatest strength!

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